Though located in the Soviet Zone after WWII, Berlin was divided among the Allied Powers into zones of occupation in 1945 by the Potsdam Agreement.  US, French, British, and Soviet troops patrolled their respective zones.  US troops arrived in July, 1945, and would stay until 1994.  The Berlin Blockade of 1948-1949 by the Soviets caused great contention between the US and USSR, which further heightened with the subsequent creation of Soviet- administered East Germany and allied-supported West Germany.  The Berlin Wall Crisis of 1961 created a division of the city that would last until 1989.  While the Berlin garrison was made up of varied unit rotating through the city, the "Berlin Brigade" was created in 1961 as a separate command with units already in the city.

Uniforms

An officer's Eisenhower jacket with two worn theater-made patches indicating service in the Berlin Command and previously in the US Forces Austria.  The Berlin Command patch is a scarce one, apparently worn for a short time in the mid-1950s between the "Berlin District" designation and the US Army Berlin.

An early 1950s Ike jacket from a veteran of the Berlin Brigade.  The Berlin garrison served until 1994.  This uniform has domed collar brass of the Corps of Engineers.

The Class A Army Service Uniform, worn from 1954-2015.  This example is dated 1967 and has the shoulder patch of a member of the Berlin Brigade.  The blue ascot was worn to denote Infantry branch on parade or ceremonial occasions,  The Infantry Blue Cord was worn after 1952.

Scarce uniform shirt to a USMLM officer, attached from the Air Force.  It retains its shoulder patch and collar insignia and dates to the late 1970s.

The uniform of one of the most important figures in Berlin Brigade history:  General F. Hartel.  Hartel took command of Berlin and two days later was faced with the overnight construction of the Berlin Wall.  He commanded through 1964 at the height of the Cold War, accompanying President Kennedy around the city and at the famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech.  

Helmet liner of the 287th Military Police Company, which was stationed in Berlin since the 1950s.  This example dates to the early 1980s.

Insignia & Other Items

Early Berlin District patch and unauthorizedDistinctive Insignia.  These depicted the Brandenburg Gate and were worn in the early 1950s before being phased out in favor of the US Army Europe blue patch with flaming sword.

Early "Berlin District" patch variations, dating from the late 1940s-mid 1950s.

Many variations of the Berlin patch worn by US troops in Berlin. The "Berlin" tab was worn from about 1951 onward.

DIs and scarf patch for Berlin Special Troops

Insignia of the 3rd Battle Group, 6th Infantry Regiment

Medal for Human Action, awarded to those who served in the Berlin Airlift from 1948-1949.

Berlin Brigade Distinctive Insignia:  18th Infantry Regiment, 6th Infantry Regiment, 502nd Infantry Regiment

Berlin unit insignia.  Top: 279th Station Hospital, Army Security Agency Berlin, Army Security Agency.  Bottom:  MEDDAC Berlin, DENTAC Berlin, and Berlin Brigade.

Official observers were permitted from each Allied nation to cross boundaries and observe their opposition.  These small units traveled, unarmed, into Soviet territory--and were often harassed or even killed in "accidents."  The patch at left is from the 50-strong US Military Liaison Mission (USMLM) and the patch at right is the British equivalent, British Commanders' in Chief Mission (BRIXMIS).

Distinctive Insight and patch for Co. F, 40th Armor

6th Infantry Drill Platoon patch and tab

Honor Guard Distinctive Insignia

DI of the 298th Army Band in Berlin

French (left) and British Berlin insignia

Book of Berlin military installations.

A selection of Labor Service patches worn by Germans in the US service in the early postwar years.  Army bases staffing, security, hospitals, and logistical support were often contracted to the local workforce, which continues to support and protect US bases abroad today.

Insignia to the German 6941st Guard Battalion, which provided security to the Berlin garrison.

DIs and patch to the 2nd Battle Group, 6th Infantry Regiment

Scarf patch and DI for the 502nd Infantry, which served in Berlin from 1984-1994.

6th Infantry patches and tabs

Very short-lived patch and tab from the 559th Infantry Rifle Platoon, an Honor Guard assigned to Berlin 1950-58.

759th MP Battalion telephone directory, motorcycle officer photo,  EM Club voucher, and DI.  The 759th served in Berlin from 1945-1953.

A recognition and response card issued to US troops in Berlin.  It detailed action required if a Soviet Military Liaison Mission vehicle was seen in the US Zone.

Berlin Brigade Military Police brassards

Unofficial tab of the 287th MP Company in Berlin

Brassard worn by a Berlin Brigade veteran in the mid 1960s.  He served as a guard at Spandau Prison and was part of the 18th Infantry Regiment.

DI of the 503rd Engineers, which arrived in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade and constructed a new airfield for Airlift efforts.

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